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Elevated PSA

Elevated PSA levels in a man’s blood could be indicative of prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia (or BPH), or prostate cancer.

A PSA test measures the level of a protein in the blood called prostate-specific antigen. This normally occurring protein is produced by the prostate, a gland that is found below the bladder in males and is primarily found in semen. Small amounts are also detected in the blood which, when elevated, may indicate prostate disease. There may or may not be symptoms associated with an elevated PSA.

Elevated PSA levels can be indicative of several possible prostate diagnoses:

  • Prostate cancer
  • BPH (benign prostatic hypertrophy) is a non-cancerous enlarged prostate.
  • Prostatitis is an inflammation or infection of the prostate.
  • The measurement of PSA may also be elevated from causes other than disease such as doing strenuous exercise, sexual activity, having a strong bowel movement, or digital rectal exam within 48 hours before the drawing of the blood.

AUCNY urologists are experienced in determining the specific cause of PSA elevation using:

Detailed history and physical examination – requesting details on symptoms, personal and family medical history, social history including smoking habits, performing a physical examination with special emphasis on the bladder area including rectal/pelvic exam. Follow up blood test for PSA, Urine test, Imaging testing (x-ray, CT, MRI and/or PET scan Surgical biopsy providing tissue sample which is examined under the microscope for cancer cells.

Urological Conditions & Treatments

Urological Cancers & Treatments